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History of Graphic Arts


          Graphic art is the way of designing graphics or producing visuals on a surface. It is the art and profession of selecting and arranging visual elements like typography, symbols, images, and colors to communicate a message to the audience. This can happen on canvas, stone, pottery, or the screen of computers. With various media types to work with, graphic design’s artistic method covers visuals from drawings and symbols to graphs and charts, custom logo design, book cover design, and many others. Graphic art is part of the modern world that is difficult to live without.

Its history goes further in that it encompasses the whole history of art. Graphic design evolution as a practice and profession has been bounded closely to technological innovations, societal needs, and practitioners’ visual imagination. One prominent feature of graphical art is that it is interactive. This feature is full of designs that invite users to discover, play, and build personal experiences. Visual arts have been practiced in various ways in the whole history. Below is how the graphic art began and developed to where it is now.

Graphic design roots; 15,000- 3,600 BC.

Graphic art can be traced before to 15 000 BC when the first known visual communication developed. These pictographs and symbols are available in the Lascaux caves in Southern France. Fast- forward several thousand years, and you will realize the Blau Monument. It is the first known artifact to use both words and pictures on it. These designed pieces are far from what is known to be graphic design currently, but they helped spark the ideas of putting images on surfaces, placing you on the path on things like drawing, posters, banners, and many others.

Paper and printing 105 AD- 1530 AD.

The paper in 105 AD by a Chinese person resulted in the idea of printing. Nearly a thousand years later, in 1045 AD, moveable type was created, enabling characters to be placed in person for printing. This resulted in faster printing options and a more flexible, efficient system. By 1276, a paper mill came in Fabriano, Italy- officially introducing printing to Europe. In 1450, two hundred years after the first paper mill came to Europe, the printing varieties of books were considered perfect. The first example in a printed book followed shortly after, in 1460. Seventy years of printing went by before Claude Garamond opened the first type foundry- in 1530- designed and sold fonts to printers.


The industrial revolution hit in the 1970s and was welcomed in a new age for graphic design. Innovative technologies began appearing at an unprecedented rate, including lithography, which was a printing technique that helped lower costs. The industrial revolution welcomed the printing press in 1800, a machine that reduced labor by 90% and increased the size of paper used for printing twice.


From the Industrial Revolution, graphic art became more comfortable doing business practices, and in the 1900s, its function exploded. In 1901, Frank Lloyd Wright released “The Art and Craft of the Machine,” which involved basic rules still found in modern design. With the growth of the advertising industry and color printing, the business started to create logos, branding their companies. With a custom logo design, your company brand became a striking and memorable piece of art, with shape, color, and composition, all working towards making an impression on the consumers.

Naturally, graphic art was widely used for advertising and other industries, coming up with beautiful designs about everything from posters, record covers, t-shirts, and many others. Computer technology was created and released in the late 1900s; designers started using digital tools like Photoshop, which were released first in 1990 to create their images. The digital tools revolutionized the field.


Today, graphic design majorly refers to creating visuals for magazines, books, advertisements, and digital posters. This strong branch of system implicates the art form of communicating ideas via visual and texts. Graphic designers use drawings and paintings in other cases, but a lot of graphic design is completed using digital technologies. These modern graphic design techniques can be used for custom logo design, book cover design, magazines’ layout, and advertisement of billboards, clothing design, and many others.

Graphic design has been available for some time, but it is viewed today in the business world. It has only been functional for the past years. Over those years, graphic design has allowed the business space, which grabs your attention and sparks your interest, to mix seamlessly in your environment. It is all around us; if you are not looking for it, you may not notice how frequently it shows up in your life. There are high chances that you cannot even start to think where graphic art will lead you to in the future.

The history of graphic art is still ongoing. This perfectly brings you to date with graphic design, but the future of graphic design remains a mystery. The regression of visual communication from cave paintings to digital software can act as great inspiration, but the fruits to be bore depends on you.

In conclusion, the graphic design is a collaborative discipline produced by writers inform of words, photography, and illustrators to design images that the designer blends into a complete visual communication. The graphic art is part and parcel of your modern world, tough to survive without. You never have; visual communication is about as your opposable thumbs, even though it has been a long way from stone took to digital tablets. The history of graphic design is a narration covering the whole human existence, and it can inspire and inform the modern graphic designers. Knowing the reasons, where, and how this industry developed helps the designers to understand their place in history.

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