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Types And Genre of Fine Arts

          Fine art is a visual art perceived to have been designed primarily for aesthetic and intellectual reasons and judged for its beauty and importance. In European academic traditions, fine art grew mainly to aesthetics and beauty, differentiating it from decorative art or applied art, which was also to perform some practical functions like poetry or majority of the metalwork.

In the aesthetic theories designed in the Italian Renaissance, the topmost art was the one which gave the artists the chance to fully express and display artistic imaginations, unrestricted by any of the practical considerations involved in such as decorating a teapot. Designing artwork needed not to separate the work between different people with specialized knowledge, as might need a piece of furniture. For instance, there was a hierarchy of genres in every fine art depending on the rate of required creative imagination, with history painting given the highest rank compared to still life.

 Historically, the five major fine arts included painting, sculpture, architecture, music, and poetry; unlike in the current world, fine art has things such as film, photography, video production, and editing, design, and conceptual art as far as the art consumer is concerned, the view of aesthetic qualities needed are refined judgment that is always known as having a good taste, this made fine art to be very different from entertainment. According to traditional Western European canons, the term fine does not mean the quality of the artwork in question but the discipline’s purity. 

The origin and development of fine art.

           According to some writers, a distinct group of art is an invention of early modern times in the West. In his “The Invention of The Art: A Cultural History in 2003,” Larry Shiner” located the invention in the 18th century. There was the presence of a traditional system of the arts in the West before the 18th century. In this system, an artist was a skilled maker or practitioner. A work of art was the critical product of professional work. The art appreciation was integrally linked with their responsibilities for the rest of life. Art, therefore, meant the same thing as the Greek word techne or skills in English.

Genres and types of fine art genres.

 1. Drawing.

          This is a kind of art that utilizes different drawing instruments to mark papers or other two- dimensional medium. It uses graphite pencils, pen, ink, inked brushes, paints, crayons, charcoal, pastels, chalk, and different types of rubber, markers, and styluses. Digital drawing uses a computer to draw, and its standard methods include a stylus or finger on the touchscreen device and a mouse in some cases. A drawing instrument gives a small amount of material on the surface leaving behind a mark that can be seen. The commonly used material for drawing is the paper, although some artists use cardboard, wood, plastic, leather, canvas, and boards. Quick sketches may be done on blackboard or whiteboard. The different drawing instruments make drawing to be perceived as one of the most common artistic activities.

2. Sculpture.

          This is an artistic form in which hard or plastic material are worked into three-dimensional art objective. This type of fine art may be merged in freestanding objects, relief of the areas, or the surrounding ranging from tableaux to contexts that enclose the audience. Various media types can be used, such as clay, wax, metal, stone, fabric, glass, wood, plaster, and rubber. Materials may be cut, modeled, welded, sewn, and assembled. People being able to create 3-D forms and shapes has been present since time memorial. Today, sculptures are still a primary type of art. It involves the collection, casting, carving and molding, and so many others. This can be done using any material so long as the materials can be turned into the expected work of art.

3. Painting.

          Painting is the process of applying paint, pigment, or color on a surface commonly done by brushes, but some artists use knives, sponges, and airbrushes. In art, the painting shows the act and result of an action. Painting supports include walls, papers, canvas, glass, wood, pottery, lacquer, copper, leaf, and concrete. Painting may also involve other materials such as sand, paper, plaster, clay, whole objects, and even gold leaf.

4. Printmaking.

          Printmaking is an art made by covering a plate with ink and pressing it on another object’s surface. This is a process of generating artworks through printing, usually done on a piece of paper. Printmaking usually covers only the process of creating prints that have an element of originality, rather than just being a photographic reproduction of the painting. Patterns are designed by transferring ink from a matrix to a piece of paper or any other material using different criteria.

Many of today’s prints are done on a piece of paper, unlike in the past; they were pressed on cloth or distant objects. Plates are most of the time made from wood or metal. The before prints were probably designed in ancient Mesopotamia, and later on, they became common in ancient Egypt and China. Later on, it spreads to Europe towards the end of the middle ages.

            In summary, the fine art genre and types include printmaking, paintings. Fine art has been created primarily for aesthetic and intellectuals purposes and is judged for beauty and meaningfulness. Genre is the most common method of classifying fine art. Genre means types in French. Fine arts are categorized for understanding and interpretation. It is simplest to compare and link between works that fundamentally are the same.

Fine art implies that this type of art form is placed higher than other art types that are categorized generally as decorative arts or crafts. Fine art uses human figures as their subjects, even though this is very difficult to prove in architecture. They can also represent ideas of moral values and are interpreted and discusses in theoretical writings. Fine arts has changed over many centuries, artists designed paintings, sculptures and paints to become famous. Today, fine art applies to many various ways.

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